Aquatic turtles are popular pets among reptile enthusiasts, but just like any other animal, they are susceptible to various diseases. In this article, we will discuss the eight most common diseases that affect aquatic turtles, their symptoms, and treatment options.
8 Common Diseases in Aquatic Turtles
Whether you are a new turtle owner or have had these pets for years, this guide will provide you with valuable information to keep your turtle healthy and happy.
1. Shell Rot
A fungal or bacterial infection that can be caused by poor water quality or injury. Symptoms include soft or pitted areas on the shell, foul odor, and lethargy.
2. Respiratory Infections
These can be caused by poor water quality, inadequate basking areas, or temperature fluctuations. Symptoms include lethargy, wheezing, and nasal discharge.
3. Eye Infections
Commonly caused by inadequate basking areas, water quality issues, or injuries. Symptoms include swollen or closed eyes, discharge, and lethargy.
Aquatic turtles are susceptible to various parasites, including worms and protozoans. Symptoms vary but may include lethargy, diarrhea, and loss of appetite.
5. Vitamin Deficiencies
Turtles require specific vitamins to maintain healthy shells and immune systems. A lack of these vitamins can result in a weakened immune system and metabolic bone disease.
6. Metabolic Bone Disease
A disease caused by calcium and/or vitamin D deficiency, which leads to weakened bones and deformities. Symptoms include lethargy, tremors, and an inability to walk or swim.
7. Shell Deformities
These can be caused by genetic factors, injuries, or inadequate nutrition. Symptoms include abnormal shell growth and deformities.
8. Mouth Rot
A bacterial infection that affects the mouth and gums. It is often caused by poor water quality, stress, or an injury. Symptoms include swollen or bleeding gums, lethargy, and loss of appetite.