10 Common Diseases in Iguanas

Common Diseases in Iguanas

Just like other reptiles, iguanas are not immune to diseases. Iguanas can become sick and require treatment to recover the health. There are few common diseases of iguana that could deteriorate their health significantly.

1. Metabolic bone disease

This is a complex disease that affects several types of reptiles and is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D and calcium.  To prevent this, a diet with calcium-rich vegetables and good lighting (UVA and UVB) should be provided, as the synthesis of vitamin D depends on it.

2. Bladder stones

Iguanas frequently develop bladder stones, also known as cystic calculi or urolithiasis. Symptoms you notice can be lethargy and a loss of appetite. Specialized medical diets can be used to treat bladder stones in many pets. 

3. Intestinal impaction

Some species of iguanas may have certain problems with their substrate, as they can easily ingest it by accident. Having gravel, sand, or sawdust in their habitat could cause serious complications for their digestive system. 

4. Nose blisters

When looking for a way to escape they usually rub the nose on the cage causing blisters. If the blisters are not treated, bacterial infections or ulcers may occur.

5. Burns

Thermal burns are common among reptiles in general. These burns are often caused by hot rocks, spotlights, or hotbeds used inside your iguana’s cage.   In severe instances, burns can even cause death. So, don’t delay in getting veterinary treatment for your iguana if you notice burns on its body.

6. Infections

Infections are a regular problem for iguanas. While infections may be small and simple to cure, they can also be a sign of much more serious conditions. Infections can occur in iguanas as a result of their habitat or diet being of poor quality.

7. Fungal infections

This reptile’s habitat is humid and with high temperatures, a perfect environment for some types of pathogens to grow. However, fungal infections are opportunistic diseases that only affect the pet when it’s weak.

8. External parasites

Parasites of this type are characterized by how they invade an iguana’s skin and produce a series of desquamations (skin peeling) and dermatitis that create discomfort.

8. External parasites

The most common symptom of parasitism is intense itching, which causes the animal to rub against walls and other surfaces in its habitat.

9. Organ Failure

This illness typically develops as a result of bacterial infection or advanced age. Loss of appetite, bloating, weight loss, tiredness, and even sudden death are signs that can arise.

10. Respiratory diseases

The lack of temperature and ventilation often causes respiratory diseases in iguanas. Some of the symptoms are the presence of nasal secretions and difficulty breathing. 

10. Respiratory diseases

To avoid these infections it’s necessary to keep the habitat in optimal conditions and have excellent ventilation.